What is it?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, unlike the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals, which involves consciousness and emotionality. The distinction between the former and the latter categories is often revealed by the acronym chosen. ‘Strong’ AI is usually labelled as artificial general intelligence (AGI) while attempts to emulate ‘natural’ intelligence have been called artificial biological intelligence (ABI). Leading AI textbooks define the field as the study of “intelligent agents“: any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. Colloquially, the term “artificial intelligence” is often used to describe machines that mimic “cognitive” functions that humans associate with the human mind, such as “learning” and “problem solving”.
What opportunities are available in South Carolina?
Per the 2020 Government AI Readiness Index, published by Oxford Insights. Members can read the full report below.
“The US Government has made investment in R&D to support innovation in the technology sector a key plank of their national AI strategy. In 2019, the Government published the first-ever reporting of non-defense AI R&D spending, and in the FY21Budget, announced in February 2020, it committed to doubling this R&D spending over the next 2 years. The USA’s lowest score in any dimension (71.11) is for the Human Capital dimension, suggesting that this is one area that could be targeted to maintain and strengthen global leadership in government AI readiness. In terms of the percentage of STEM graduates, with a score of 33.10 the US lags behind other world leaders such as the UK (48.62) and Germany (65.67). In addition, the US scores 72.17 for the digital skills indicator, lower than Finland (80.53), Singapore (76.40) and Israel(74.98) among others.”
Who is in the industry in South Carolina?
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AI is relevant to any intellectual task. Modern artificial intelligence techniques are pervasive and are too numerous to list here. Frequently, when a technique reaches mainstream use, it is no longer considered artificial intelligence; this phenomenon is described as the AI effect.
High-profile examples of AI include autonomous vehicles (such as drones and self-driving cars), medical diagnosis, creating art (such as poetry), proving mathematical theorems, playing games (such as Chess or Go), search engines (such as Google Search), online assistants (such as Siri), image recognition in photographs, spam filtering, predicting flight delays, prediction of judicial decisions, targeting online advertisements,  and energy storage
With social media sites overtaking TV as a source for news for young people and news organizations increasingly reliant on social media platforms for generating distribution, major publishers now use artificial intelligence (AI) technology to post stories more effectively and generate higher volumes of traffic.
AI can also produce Deepfakes, a content-altering technology. ZDNet reports, “It presents something that did not actually occur,” Though 88% of Americans believe Deepfakes can cause more harm than good, only 47% of them believe they can be targeted. The boom of election year also opens public discourse to threats of videos of falsified politician media.